Arts and culture- shackled

Sukidi was brought to Lawang Mental Hospital, in Malang in East Java, a month ago suffering from severe mental health problems, physical abuse and malnutrition.

He could barely stand and only managed to do so after weeks of rigorous work with physiotherapists at the hospital.

Even with a walking stick, he can only manage to stand on his tip-toes.

“This is standard for patients who have been shackled – muscle atrophy in both legs,” said Dr Ariana, a physician at the hospital.

Shackling involves attaching the victim’s feet to a piece of wood, preventing them from moving. Some use metal chains on the victim’s hands or legs for the same purpose.

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